GOD ALMIGHTY in his most holy and wise providence, hath so disposed of the condition of mankind, as in all times some must be rich, some poor, some high and eminent in power and dignity; others mean and in submission. First to hold conformity with the rest of his world, being delighted to show forth the glory of His wisdom in the variety and difference of the creatures, and the glory of His power in ordering all these differences for the preservation and good of the whole; and the glory of His greatness, that as it is the glory of princes to have many officers, so this Great King will have many stewards, counting Himself more honored in dispensing His gifts to man by man, than if He did it by His own immediate hands. Secondly that He might have the more occasion to manifest the work of his Spirit: Secondly, in the regenerate, in exercising His graces in them, as in the grate ones, their love, mercy, gentleness, temperance, etc.
Winthrop thus belonged to a class—the gentry—that became the dominant force in English society between andand he early assumed the habit of command appropriate to a member of the ruling class in a highly stratified society.
At age 15 he entered Trinity College, Cambridge. At age 17 he married the first of his four wives—Mary Forth, daughter of an Essex squire—and the next year the first of his 16 children was born.
Like many members of his class, Winthrop studied law, served as justice of the peaceand obtained a government office; from to he was an attorney at the Court of Wards and Liveries. For more than 20 years Winthrop was primarily a country squire at Groton, with no discernible interest in overseas colonization.
He was an ardently religious person. When, inthe Massachusetts Bay Company obtained a royal charter to plant a colony in New EnglandWinthrop joined the company, pledging to sell his English estate and take his family to Massachusetts if the company government and charter were also transferred to America.
The other members agreed to these terms and elected him governor October Some critics have seen Winthrop as a visionary utopian while others have seen him as a social reactionary, but most obviously he was urging his fellow colonists to adopt the combination of group discipline and individual responsibility that gave Massachusetts such immediate and lasting success as a social experiment.
For the remaining 19 years of his life, Winthrop lived in the New England wilderness, a father figure among the colonists. In the annual Massachusetts elections he was chosen governor 12 times between andand during the intervening years he sat on the court of assistants or colony council. His American career passed through three distinct phases.
On first arrival, in the early s, he did his most creative work, guiding the colonists as they laid out a network of tightly organized towns, each with its church of self-professed saints.
Winthrop himself settled at Boston, which quickly became the capital and chief port of Massachusetts.
His new farm on the Mystic River was much inferior to his former estate at Groton, but Winthrop never regretted the move, because he was free at last to build a godly commonwealth.
He was nettled when the freemen voters insisted in on electing a representative assembly to share in decision making. And he took it as a personal affront when numerous colonists chose to migrate from Massachusetts to Connecticut.
Conflict with Anne Hutchinson The greatest outrage to Winthrop by far, however, came when Anne Hutchinsona mere woman, gained control of his Boston church in and endeavoured to convert the whole colony to a religious position that Winthrop considered blasphemous.
It was he who led the counterattack against her. His victory was complete.
The Court…charged her with diverse matters, as her keeping two public lectures every week in her house…and for reproaching most of the ministers viz. Cotton for not preaching a covenant of free grace, and that they had not the seal of the Spirit, nor were able ministers of the New Testament; which were clearly proved against her….John Winthrop, (born January 22 [January 12, Old Style], , Edwardstone, Suffolk, England—died April 5 [March 26], , Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony [U.S.]), first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the chief figure among the Puritan founders of New England.
Life in England.
John Winthrop was born on 12 January /8 to Adam and Anne (née Browne) Winthrop in Edwardstone, Suffolk, England. His birth was recorded in the parish register at Groton.
John Winthrop () was governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony - a group of entrepreneurs who left Europe in search of trade opportunities in the New World. Like most members of the Colony, Winthrop was a Puritan. After an introduction by Mr. Kendrick, Professor Bremer talked about his book, John Winthrop: America’s Forgotten Founding Father, published by Oxford University regardbouddhiste.com book is a biography of.
Professor Panski March 13, A Model of Christian Charity by John Winthrop Essay John Winthrop began his and his fellow Puritan’s journey to the New World with words meant for comfort, guidance, and inspiration. Instead, what he delivers is a speech of timeless philosophy and life guiding principles.
Introduction. John Winthrop (b. –d. ) was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.