Brought to you by Brookes Publishing Visit the Brookes Inclusion Lab Blog for more articles and ideas on creating classrooms to meet the needs of all of your students. As you get in gear for the new school year, here are some practical tips adapted from a few of our favorite books for easily incorporating differentiated instruction into your lessons—and helping all your students get what they need to succeed. Service-learning projects are a creative and rewarding way to differentiate instruction while helping out your community at the same time. Set up learning stations with different assignments, such as estimating the cost of the items for each kit and completing graphic organizers.
What Is Differentiated Instruction? Carol Ann Tomlinson At its most basic level, differentiation consists of the efforts of teachers to respond to variance among learners in the classroom. Whenever a teacher reaches out to an individual or small group to vary his or her teaching in order to create the best learning experience possible, that teacher is differentiating instruction.
Teachers can differentiate at least four classroom elements based on student readiness, interest, or learning profile: Content Examples of differentiating content at the elementary level include the following: Using reading materials at varying readability levels; Putting text materials on tape; Using spelling or vocabulary lists at readiness levels of students; Presenting ideas through both auditory and visual means; Using reading buddies; and Meeting with small groups to re-teach an idea or skill for struggling learners, or to extend the thinking or skills of advanced learners.
Process Examples of differentiating process or activities at the elementary level include the following: Using tiered activities through which all learners work with the same important understandings and skills, but proceed with different levels of support, challenge, or complexity; Providing interest centers that encourage students to explore subsets of the class topic of particular interest to them; Developing personal agendas task lists written by the teacher and containing both in-common work for the whole class and work that addresses individual needs of learners to be completed either during specified agenda time or as students complete other work early; Offering manipulatives or other hands-on supports for students who need them; and Varying the length of time a student may take to complete a task in order to provide additional support for a struggling learner or to encourage an advanced learner to pursue a topic in greater depth.
Products Examples of differentiating products at the elementary level include the following: Giving students options of how to express required learning e. Learning environment Examples of differentiating learning environment at the elementary level include: Making sure there are places in the room to work quietly and without distraction, as well as places that invite student collaboration; Providing materials that reflect a variety of cultures and home settings; Setting out clear guidelines for independent work that matches individual needs; Developing routines that allow students to get help when teachers are busy with other students and cannot help them immediately; and Helping students understand that some learners need to move around to learn, while others do better sitting quietly Tomlinson,; Winebrenner, References Click the "References" link above to hide these references.
The Psychology of Engagement with Everyday Life. A Framework for Teaching. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
Teaching triarchically improves student achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90 3 How to Differentiate Instruction in Mixed-ability Classrooms. Responding to the Needs of all Learners.
Teaching Gifted Kids in the Regular Classroom.
Differentiated Writing Instruction Ms. Kay's school uses a method of writing instruction called writer's workshop. During this hour-long time period, she follows a predictable sequence of steps. 9 Strategies to Differentiate Instruction for ELL Students • Use curriculum focused on content to allow students to learn the essentials, without getting confused and frustrated. Offer scholar's differentiated instruction with a collection of three Houghton Mifflin English language arts units—challenge, extra support, and English language development. The Smart Solutions themed units offer detailed lessons, activities, worksheets, handouts, and printables.
Teaching kids with Learning Difficulties in the Regular Classroom. Differentiation of Instruction in the Elementary Grades.The roots of differentiated instruction go all the way back to the days of the one-room schoolhouse, where one teacher had students of all ages in one classroom.
As the educational system transitioned to grading schools, it was assumed that children of the same age learned similarly. Many teachers use differentiated instruction strategies as a way to reach all learners and accommodate each student’s learning style.
One very helpful tactic to employ differentiated instruction is called tiered assignments—a technique often used within flexible groups. The writing workshop offers an umbrella under which differentiated instruction, formative assessment, and composition theory coincide in pedagogy designed to develop students' critical literacy.
The approach aligns with Vygotsky's claim, "What a child can do today with assistance, she will be able to do by herself tomorrow.". Teachers don't always have time to plan classes that use differentiated instruction. Read these 20 strategies and examples, along with a download, to help.
Offer scholar's differentiated instruction with a collection of three Houghton Mifflin English language arts units—challenge, extra support, and English language development. The Smart Solutions themed units offer detailed lessons, activities, worksheets, handouts, and printables.
Welcome to Differentiated Kindergarten! I’m Marsha, a teacher-mom committed to the journey of creating a differentiated classroom for my students. It’s my goal to meet the needs of all my students through fun, engaging and developmentally appropriate activities.