Boyd is in quite a hurry to sweep church history under the rug in order to get on with his multi-explanations of what "in the Name of" could mean. He unilaterally declares that there is not "one shred of evidence" over the introduction of a new baptismal formula in church history.
Characters[ edit ] Michael Berg, a German man who is first portrayed as a year-old boy and is revisited at later parts of his life; notably, when he is a researcher in legal history, divorced with one daughter, Julia.
Hanna Schmitz, a former guard at Auschwitz. She is 36, illiterate and working as a tram conductor in Neustadt when she first meets year-old Michael. She takes a dominant position in their relationship.
She is almost the first person whom he tells about Hanna. When he begins his friendship with her, he begins to "betray" Hanna by denying her relationship with him and by cutting short his time with Hanna to be with Sophie and his other friends.
During the Nazi era he lost his job for giving a lecture on Spinoza and had to support himself and his family by writing hiking guidebooks.
He is very formal and requires his children to make appointments to see him. He is emotionally stiff and does not easily express his emotions to Michael or his three siblings, which exacerbates the difficulties Hanna creates for Michael.
By the time Michael is narrating the story, his father is dead. Michael has fond memories of her pampering him as a child, which his relationship with Hanna reawakens. The daughter of a Jewish woman who wrote the book about the death march from Auschwitz.
She lives in New York City when Michael visits her near the end of the story, still suffering from the loss of her own family. Part 1[ edit ] The story is told in three parts by the main character, Michael Berg.
Each part takes place in a different time period in the past. Part I begins in a West German city in After year-old Michael becomes ill on his way home, year-old tram conductor Hanna Schmitz notices him, cleans him up, and sees him safely home.
He spends the next three months absent from school battling hepatitis. He visits Hanna to thank her for her help and realizes he is attracted to her. Embarrassed after she catches him watching her getting dressed, he runs away, but he returns days later.
After she asks him to retrieve coal from her cellar, he is covered in coal dust; she watches him bathe and seduces him. He returns eagerly to her apartment on a regular basis, and they begin a heated affair.
Both remain somewhat distant from each other emotionally, despite their physical closeness. Hanna is at times physically and verbally abusive to Michael. Months into the relationship, she suddenly leaves without a trace. The distance between them had been growing as Michael had been spending more time with his school friends; he feels guilty and believes it was something he did that caused her departure.
The memory of her taints all his other relationships with women. Part 2[ edit ] Six years later, while attending law school, Michael is part of a group of students observing a war crimes trial.
A group of middle-aged women who had served as SS guards at a satellite of Auschwitz in occupied Poland are being tried for allowing Jewish women under their ostensible "protection" to die in a fire locked in a church that had been bombed during the evacuation of the camp.
The incident was chronicled in a book written by one of the few survivors, who emigrated to the United States after the war; she is the main prosecution witness at the trial. Michael is stunned to see that Hanna is one of the defendants, sending him on a roller coaster of complex emotions.
She is accused of writing the account of the fire. At first she denies this, then in panic admits it in order not to have to provide a sample of her handwriting. Michael, horrified, realizes then that Hanna has a secret that she refuses to reveal at any cost—that she is illiterate.
During the trial, it transpires that she took in the weak, sickly women and had them read to her before they were sent to the gas chambers. Michael is uncertain if she wanted to make their last days bearable or if she sent them to their death so they would not reveal her secret.
She is convicted and sentenced to life in prison while the other women receive only minor sentences. After much deliberation, he chooses not to reveal her secret, which could have saved her from her life sentence, as their relationship was a forbidden one because he was a minor at the time. Part 3[ edit ] Years have passed, Michael is divorced and has a daughter from his brief marriage.
He is trying to come to terms with his feelings for Hanna, and begins taping readings of books and sending them to her without any correspondence while she is in prison. Hanna begins to teach herself to read, and then write in a childlike way, by borrowing the books from the prison library and following the tapes along in the text.
She writes to Michael, but he cannot bring himself to reply. After 18 years, Hanna is about to be released, so he agrees after hesitation to find her a place to stay and employment, visiting her in prison.
On the day of her release inshe commits suicide and Michael is heartbroken.Schlink has used adaptations of this genre in his novels The Reader (), Homecoming () and short story Girl with Lizard (), this project will attempt to ascertain the extent to which one can view these texts as part of a new wave of father writing that has emerged in the German post-unification space.
There's one road into and one road out of Pittwater - the Barrenjoey Road. All subordinate roads run off this main artery through the green valleys and to the tombola that separates Palm Beach from the Barrenjoey Headland. Get an answer for 'How is the theme of guilt portrayed by Bernhard Schlink in the characters of Michael and Hanna?' and find homework help for other The Reader questions at eNotes Michael does.
Hailed for its coiled eroticism and the moral claims it makes upon the reader, this mesmerizing novel is a story of love and secrets, horror and compassion, unfolding against the . german academic exchange service (daad) the daad is the world’s largest funding organization for the international exchange of students and researchers.
since it was founded in , more than million scholars in germany and abroad have received daad funding. it is a registered association and its members are german institutions of higher education and student bodies.
its activities go. "The Church as Koinonia of Salvation: Its Structures and Ministries" () from the Lutheran-Catholic Dialogue in the United States.